Getting Ready for Kindergarten

Reading and Writing

  • Talk often with your child to build talking and listening skills.
  • Show your child how books and print work. Help him understand that you are reading the words, not the pictures.
  • Visit the library regularly and check out books to share at home.
  • Read with your child. Ask questions about the story. Ask your child to make predictions about what will happen next. Ask your child to tell the story again when the book is finished.
  • Have your child name the letters of the alphabet as you point to them.
  • Encourage your child to spell and write.


  • Practice counting to twenty by counting objects together.
  • Count steps together as you walk up the stairs.
  • Identify common shapes and look for shapes in common objects. For example, talk about the shapes of road signs and count the number of their corners together.
  • Put his favorite snacks like cereal or fruit pieces into small piles and count them. After he eats one or two pieces, count how many remain.
  • Encourage children to organize different items into similar groups.
  • Help children understand measurement using weight, size, length, and time.
  • Try playing board games together. Many of them encourage math skills like matching and counting.

Motor Development

  • Give your child opportunities to use scissors, pencils, and crayons.
  • Help your child write the letters in his name.
  • Help your child learn to copy various shapes.
  • Encourage your child to hop on each foot and to hop over a line.
  • Encourage your child to throw, catch, bounce, and kick a large ball.
  • Offer opportunities for your child to get exercise and be active throughout the day.
  • Limit time in front of TVs, computers, tablets, etc.

Social and Emotional Development

  • Provide opportunities for your child to learn how to interact with other children and with familiar adults.
  • Help your child learn how to follow rules, take turns, and share. Board games are a fun way to practice these skills.
  • Help your child label his emotions and learn to handle them appropriately, such as taking two deep breaths to calm down when he is anxious.
  • Praise her efforts in trying new things even if she isn't successful at first.
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